We are Australia’s lead management agency for the Great Barrier Reef, one of the world’s most iconic natural areas.
We've provided world-leading marine park management since 1975. We are a strong, efficient and agile natural resource regulator entrusted by Australia with the responsibility of managing the natural wonder that is the Marine Park.
The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 guides our management and the best available science to protect values, reduce threats, and improve the current and long-term outlook for the Reef and the communities that depend on it.
We work together with Traditional Owners, other Australian and Queensland government agencies, industry, community organisations, and individuals to help achieve protect and manage the Reef.
Our main office is in Townsville, and there are regional offices in Cairns, Mackay, Yeppoon and Brisbane to keep a close connection with those communities, and our Canberra office provides ministerial and parliamentary liaison to the Department of Environment portfolio and other Australian Government agencies
We report to the Australian Government Environment Minister.
Our Board oversees the agency, which is structured into three main Branches: Corporate Services, Reef Protection, and Strategic Policy and Partnerships.
We want people to see the Reef, love the Reef, protect the Reef.
The Reef: vast, beautiful and under pressure
The Great Barrier Reef is a global icon and an integral part of Australia’s national identity. The Great Barrier Reef is a vast and spectacular ecosystem and one of the most complex natural systems on Earth.
This World Heritage Area with Outstanding Universal Value is an economic powerhouse, contributing $6.4 billion to Australia’s national economy as well as some 64,000 jobs.
As the world’s largest coral reef ecosystem, it is bigger in size than Italy, and spans 2300 kilometres of Australia’s north-east coast. It comprises almost 3000 individual reefs, about 10 per cent of the world’s coral reefs.
However, the Great Barrier Reef, like all coral reefs globally is under pressure and actions taken now will matter.
Health and threats to the Reef
The Great Barrier Reef’s natural beauty, and natural phenomena endure, but it is showing signs of deterioration and is under increasing pressure from cumulative impacts above and below the water.
Our evidence-based, independently-reviewed Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report 2019 highlights the urgent need for our continued and accelerated action to improve the long-term outlook for the Reef. Without this, the continued outlook for the Reef will continue to remain very poor.
As identified in the report, the greatest threat to the Reef is climate change. The other main threats are associated with coastal development, land-based run-off, and threats from direct human use of the Reef (such as illegal fishing).
While fishing is regulated, some fishing practices continue to compromise the health and resilience of species and habitats within the Marine Park. Threats identified in the Outlook Report include over-fishing, incidental impacts on species of conservation concern, illegal fishing and injury or death of discarded catch.
We are managing the Marine Park to be more resilient to the threats it faces, including working with the Queensland Government to improve fisheries management in the Marine Park.
Our position statements on climate change, fishing, coastal ecosystems and marine debris encourage immediate, medium and long-term action for these key threats to the Reef.
Securing the Reef's future
The Reef remains one of the best-managed marine ecosystems in the world and science is central to our management.
The Great Barrier Reef received World Heritage status in 1981, the first coral reef ecosystem in the world to have this distinction. It was inscribed by the World Heritage Committee for its ‘outstanding universal value’.
The Australian and Queensland governments’ Reef 2050 Long‑Term Sustainability Plan provides a guiding framework for securing the future of the Great Barrier Reef. It outlines key management actions being taken to reduce threats to the Reef. Underpinning the Reef 2050 Plan, is the development of a world class monitoring and reporting system to inform adaptive management.
The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003 and related legislation are the foundation of our resilience-based management approach. Zoning to protect biodiversity and regulate activities has been in place since 1981. Since 2004, some 33 per cent of the entire Marine Park is in highly protected zones. Plans of management and our permissions system provide for ecologically-sustainable multiple-use of the Reef.
Establishing effective and meaningful partnerships with Traditional Owners is essential to protect cultural and heritage values, conserve biodiversity and enhance the resilience of the Great Barrier Reef.
We are working in partnership with Traditional Owner groups to develop Sea Country management arrangements including Traditional Use of Marine Resources Agreements , which are co-designed and co-managed by the Traditional Owners, the Authority and the Queensland Government.
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Strategy for the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park outlines how we will work with Traditional Owners to help keep the Indigenous heritage values of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park strong, safe and healthy. The strategy is a significant step in honouring the knowledge and value of Traditional Owner connections to the Reef and sets a path for greater co-management of the Reef.
The Great Barrier Reef tourism industry, including through the Master Reef Guides program, plays a vital role in presenting the values of the World Heritage Area to millions of visitors annually.
Through targeted education and stewardship programs, including our national educational centre Reef HQ Aquarium, we ensure the community and stakeholders have a clear understanding of the value of the Great Barrier Reef, the threats to its sustainable future and their role in protecting it.
Our Reef Guardian program and Local Marine Advisory Committees help facilitate education programs with schools, and actions with regional councils and fishers, and the community to help protect the Reef.
Global collaboration is imperative for the health of the Reef. We are committed to sharing our expertise and success stories and promoting leading practice coral reef management with our international partners, including through the International Coral Reef Initiative, an informal partnership between nations and organisations that strives to preserve coral reefs and associated ecosystems around the world.
Actions taken now will matter
Given the extensive size of the Great Barrier Reef Region, its condition is variable. Many areas continue to support beautiful corals and abundant marine life and the Reef remains an extraordinary experience for visitors.
The Reef has shown the ability to recover from impacts, if disturbance-free periods are long-enough.
Mitigating threats like climate change and poor water quality, coupled with resilience-based management, are essential to boosting Reef health so it can recover from major disturbances.
Sea temperature increase and extremes, such as marine heat waves, are the most immediate threats to the Reef as a whole and pose the highest risk. The strongest and fastest possible global action on climate change is critical, and everyone can contribute and make a difference.
While the challenge is big, it is achievable. As acknowledged in the Reef blueprint for resilience: ‘Together we can secure the future of the Great Barrier Reef, but we need to try harder, do more, and act now’.