GREAT BARRIER REEF
// Outlook Report 2014
an estimated 60 to 80 individuals to just 17.154 Predominantly only women and children remained, many suffering from ill health and poor treatment.154 They were forcibly removed from their country and held in Aboriginal missions and reserves around Queensland.155 Today, Woppaburra descendants number over 600, spread across five family groups living on the mainland. Management Woppaburra have been engaged in formal management arrangements for their sea country since June 2007, managing 561 square kilometres of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park to achieve better environmental outcomes for themselves, their country, their Traditional Owner neighbours and the wider community. Evidence for improvement Woppaburra are traditional knowledge holders with lifelong spiritual and physical connections to their land and sea country. They maintain strong connections with their country, despite the dispersal of their people from their ancestral homeland, the geographical location of their country and the complexity of contemporary management issues.156 Woppaburra people often return to their ancestral homeland for knowledge sharing, and to undertake cooperative research, monitoring and hands-on management. They work cohesively as a group, communicating and negotiating with various stakeholders including neighbouring Traditional Owner groups, government agencies, educational institutions, museums and scientists to manage their estates for the protection of their living maritime culture. As a result, caring for the Keppel islands is now a shared responsibility amongst Traditional Owners and many other groups such as the island residents, tourism operators, recreational users, scientists and government management agencies.
Displacement of Traditional Owners from country affects the resilience of cultural heritage.
Traditional Owners spending time on country is strengthening connections and transferring knowledge.
Woppaburra Traditional Owners are working to improve the resilience of their cultural values, North Keppel Island
Historic lightstations within the Region are a highly visible part of the maritime heritage of Queensland. The four lightstations recognised on the Commonwealth Heritage List have values which have been well surveyed and recorded. In contrast, the Pine Islet lightstation has fallen into major disrepair. Little is recorded of the heritage values of the remaining historic lightstations and aids to navigation in the Region. Management Two of the four Commonwealth heritage-listed lightstations have heritage management plans completed for them. In addition, there is strong ongoing management for these sites, with annual inspections by qualified people, annual general maintenance plans, asbestos management plans and, in some cases, a permanent onsite presence. Other lightstations and aids to navigation are being well maintained as navigational facilities. Evidence for improvement The four Commonwealth heritage-listed lightstations are appreciated by the community and there has been a recent emphasis on their restoration and maintenance. There is less public appreciation of the concrete ‘tower’ lightstations built in the Region in the 1920s and 1930s — any heritage values of which are not formally recognised. These structures are unlikely to be preserved for their heritage values beyond their working life without additional justification for preservation.
Formal recognition of lightstation heritage values has improved their resilience.
8.5.3 Underwater wrecks
Underwater wrecks, including historic shipwrecks and World War II wrecks, are a strong component of the heritage values of the Region. They are important both as individual wrecks, telling a particular story of endeavour and misfortune, and as a collection that improve understanding of the nation’s history. The knowledge base for underwater wrecks is improving all the time.