Existing protection and management
Figure 7.1 Jurisdictional boundaries
The Great Barrier Reef Region encompasses both Commonwealth and Queensland jurisdictions. Queensland territory extends from the land to the three nautical mile limit. An agreement to jointly manage marine parks and island national parks ensures integrated field management of both the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and the adjacent Great Barrier Reef Coast Marine Park. Fisheries management, within the Region and beyond, is a Queensland Government responsibility. The assessment and approval provisions of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 apply throughout the Region; however, its Commonwealth marine area provisions apply only in Commonwealth Territory.
The Australian and Queensland governments work in partnership to protect and manage the Region, formalised through the Great Barrier Reef Intergovernmental Agreement 2009. There is a close working relationship between the responsible government agencies, resulting in joint management on many issues within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, the adjacent Queensland Great Barrier Reef Coast Marine Park and Queensland island national parks. Protection and management responsibilities outside the Region: Many of the threats to the Region’s ecosystem and heritage values are the result of actions beyond its boundaries (such as climate change, coastal development and catchment land-use practices). There is a range of Australian, Queensland and local government agencies that have regulatory responsibilities for these matters. The Australian Government has national and international responsibilities in relation to environment and heritage protection. Under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, it is responsible for regulating activities having or likely to have a significant impact on matters of national environmental significance (including the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and world heritage properties), whether they are undertaken in or outside the Region. The Queensland Government is responsible for natural resource management and land use planning for Queensland’s islands, coast and hinterland, including through the Sustainable Planning Act 2009 and the Coastal Protection and Management Act 1995.
The Australian and Queensland governments work in partnership to manage the Region
© Chris Jones