GREAT BARRIER REEF
// Outlook Report 2014
of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park had been proclaimed by 1981, comprising about 3.4 per cent of what is now included in that marine protected area. The resources devoted to protection and management have also increased substantially since the property’s listing. For example, in 1981 the budget of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority was $2.1 million and it had a staff of about 40 people.52 Three decades later, with the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park fully declared and comprehensive management in place, its 2013–14 budget was over $50 million and it had about 220 employees. In addition, in 1981 there was no funding for direct day-to-day management52, compared to about $17 million for the program in recent years.
4.6 Current state and trends of Commonwealth heritage values
The Commonwealth Heritage List is a list of natural, Indigenous and historic heritage places owned or controlled by the Australian Government. It includes places connected to defence, communications, customs and other government activities that reflect Australia’s development as a nation. There are five places in the Region which are on the Commonwealth Heritage List and therefore have Commonwealth heritage values: Shoalwater Bay Military Training Area (part of the area, Figure 4.5); Low Island and Low Islets lightstation; Dent Island lightstation; North Reef lightstation and Lady Elliot Island lightstation. The lightstations are mapped in Figure 4.2. Listing of a Commonwealth place is based on its heritage values being tested against nine criteria, seven of which are represented by the listed places in the Region (Table 4.4).21
table 4.4 commonwealth heritage values
The five Commonwealth heritage places in the Region are recognised under seven of the nine listing criteria.
commonwealth heritage List criteria
processes: importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia’s natural or cultural history rarity: possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Australia’s natural or cultural history research: potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Australia’s natural or cultural history characteristic values: importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a class of Australia’s natural or cultural places or a class of Australia’s natural or cultural environments aesthetic characteristics: importance in exhibiting particular aesthetic characteristics valued by a community or cultural group technical achievement: importance in demonstrating a high degree of creative or technical achievement at a particular period Social value: strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons Significant person: special association with the life or works of a person, or group of persons, of importance in Australia’s natural or cultural history Indigenous tradition: importance as part of Indigenous tradition
Lady elliot Island lightstation
Shoalwater Bay Military training area
Low Island and Low Islets lightstation
Dent Island lightstation
North reef lightstation