Unlike shipwrecks, there are no formal arrangements to protect aircraft wrecks other than the provisions of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act. Some aircraft, such as the Catalina off the Frankland Islands, are protected to some extent because they are located in a Marine National Park (green) Zone, but there has been some degradation and damage. Catalina A 24 24 off Bowen is located within a General Use (light blue) Zone and has suffered damage from trawling, anchoring and as a result of line fishing.
Catalina A 24 25 motor, off the Frankland Islands
© Kevin Coombes
Airacobra wreck, Margaret Bay
4.3.4 Other places of historic significance
Other places of historic significance include sites where historic events occurred. Examples range from Endeavour Reef where Captain Cook ran aground over two centuries ago to Ellison Reef, a pivotal location in the modern fight to protect the Reef. In 1967, a team of volunteers surveyed Ellison Reef to prove that it was ‘alive’ in order to protect it from being mined for limestone. The campaign raised the national profile of the Great Barrier Reef and a subsequent Royal Commission paved the way for development of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act and Authority.24 Most places of historic significance in the Region are either not recorded or their records have not been recovered. Their condition is not well understood. While most Great Barrier Reef islands are not within the Region, they have played a major role in its history, including places connected with Reef identities such as the author and naturalist Edmund Banfield on Dunk Island and Mrs Watson, an early pioneer and folk hero, on Lizard Island. Places that illustrate changes in use of the Great Barrier Reef are also significant — from early guano mining on islands, green turtle factories on islands, to limestone and granite mining, and oil exploratory leases.24 Green Island and its surrounding reef have been a popular tourist site for over 100 years, with organised pleasure cruises since 1890 and a passenger ferry since 1924.25 Other locations such as Magnetic Island, Low Isles and Newry Island all played significant roles as tourism evolved in the Region.
Other places of historic significance are poorly recorded and their condition is not well understood.
4.4 Current state and trends of other heritage values
4.4.1 Social heritage values
In accordance with the Act, the definition of heritage values includes reference to ‘a place’s natural and cultural environment having... social significance... for current and future generations of Australians’. For Traditional Owners, the Region’s natural and cultural environment has inherent social significance (Section 4.2). This section describes and assesses the range of other social heritage values of the Region. Many aspects of the Region’s natural and cultural environment have social significance. The perception of significance varies according to societal attitudes (see Section 6.2.4), as well as an individual’s personal perspectives and their relationship to the Reef. The Reef has social significance nationally and internationally as demonstrated by continued global interest in its protection. At the broadest level, most values of social significance can be traced back to the extraordinary beauty, biodiversity, natural abundance and remoteness of the Region. Its social value can be independent of people visiting the area, but is augmented by the personal experiences they have had there. From the beginnings of European exploration and settlement, navigation and use of the Reef have presented significant challenges and opened up new horizons — playing a role in shaping Queensland