GREAT BARRIER REEF
// Outlook Report 2014
There are six historic shipwrecks in the Region for which a protected zone has been declared under the Historic Shipwrecks Act (Table 4.2). A protected zone is declared where additional protection is needed to reduce the risk of damage to a significant historic shipwreck. Sizes vary from 50 to 797 metres radius around the wreck. A protected zone can only be entered with permission under the Act. While the wrecks of the HMS Pandora and the SS Yongala are well documented, there is no structured monitoring of the condition of any of the historic wrecks within a protected zone, or any of the other wrecks in the Region.
table 4.2 historic shipwrecks for which a protected zone is declared
Under the Commonwealth Historic Shipwrecks Act, a protected zone has been declared around six historic shipwrecks in the Region. The zone can only be entered with permission. Ship Wrecked Location Significance
Two of the historic shipwrecks are well surveyed and recorded.
Pandora Entrance near Raine Island
Example of British naval vessel and fittings from the Georgian era. Associated with an iconic maritime event (mutiny on the Bounty). Exemplary evidence of early Pacific exploration by the British including extensive collections of ‘curiosities’ representing Polynesian heritage. Used by the first Australian-born explorer, Lieutenant Phillip Parker King, to chart the inner Barrier Reef route and large parts of the Australian continent. Pivotal to the development of northern Australian ports as a supply ship. Representative of early colonial exploration within the Great Barrier Reef. Representative of three-masted iron screw steamer used for coastal trade in the late nineteenth century. Loss of 103 people. Carried £43,000 of gold which was recovered by a diver in standard dress (brass helmet and canvas suit), making it also significant in the history of diving. Involved in ‘blackbirding’ of South Sea Islander peoples, a significant practice in establishing north Queensland agriculture, providing cheap labour. Contains evidence of this era, including trade items. Representative of a steam vessel involved in early twentieth century coastal trade, such as mail, freight and passenger transport. Wrecked in a cyclone with loss of 122 lives. Strong link to north Queensland communities with living first degree relatives. Representative of a vessel involved in early twentieth century coastal trade. Recently discovered, not yet fully surveyed or assessed.
There is no structured monitoring of wrecks.
off Cape Bowling Green
off St Bees Island
Anchor of the HMCS Mermaid on Flora Reef
© Silent World Foundation, photograph by Xanthe Rivett
Double boilers of the SS Gothenburg
© Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service