Shoalwater Bay is a remote area located 50km north of Rockhampton. An extensive network of creeks and rivers drain into the area, which supports shallow seagrass meadows and mangrove communities.

The Shoalwater Bay area is the most important dugong and seagrass habitat in the southern region of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. The use and management of this area by the Department of Defence has assisted in maintaining the pristine values of this area.

The Shoalwater Bay (Dugong) Plan of Management aims to manage activities in the bay that threaten the dugong population or impact on the seagrass meadows.